Wedding is undoubtedly the most auspicious occasion in any girl’s life. And, the importance of this event itself gears up while talking about the Indian marriages. The Indian marriages are well occupied with series of customs, rituals which have their own significance. Hence, based on the above-explanation, it is reasonable to state that Indian marriages are different from marriages that take place in other parts of the world because of its distinct customs, traditions and rituals which sounds peculiar to the people of other countries.
Talking about one such tradition that may sound peculiar to the people of other countries is wearing of mangalsutra by indian brides. A mangalsutra is an Indian ornament which is must jewellery for any bride to don during and after her marriage.
It has cultural significance. The mangalsutra is comprised of two words ‘mangal’ (holy) and sutra( thread) means a sacred thread which is being tied across the neck of bride by groom during the marriage ceremony. The importance of mangalsutra in context of Hindu marriages can be esteemed from the fact that the use of mangalsutra is also mentioned in the indian mythology and sacred texts. It is expected from a bride to keep wearing this benevolent piece of jewelry item in their neck for the sake of her husband longevity and prosperity in her married life.
We indians are quite familiar with this piece of jewelry item especially those who are die hard fan of bollywood movies or dialy soap. They must be familiar about this jewelry item because in every second movie or serial either the female or male protagonist preach us about the importance of mangalsutra. Not only in North India, even in South India and almost all across the india brides wear this auspicious jewelry item.
Let’s have a glance over the different types of Mangalsutra worn by Indian brides all across the India.
North Indian Mangalsutra: North Indians mangalsutras are mainly those mangalsutras which you have mostly seen in various serials and movies. It is set of black beads strung around a thread teaming up with a gold or Jadua pendant in the middle. The gold pendant is often termed as tanmaniya. Apart from gold mangalsutras, nowadays brides love to experiment with this jewelry item. Therefore, nowadays different varieties & designs of mangalsutras are being prepared as per the demand of brides such as jadau mangalsutra sets, diamond mangalsutra set and precious gem embedded mangalsutra set.
Marwari and Gujarati instead of wearing gold mangalsutra go for diamond mangalsutra. The diamond studded mangalsutra comes in variety of shapes which fulfills the appetite of fashion & latest trends.
Bengali – Bengalis have no custom of mangalsutra. Married Bengali ladies wear Shakha Paula bangles compulsorily. Shakha originates from Shankha, which means conch while the Paula is made of corals. One arrangement of the bangle is worn on every hand by every married women.
Sikh – The formal engagement or kurmai is normally a family undertaking. The bride family goes to the groom home conveying endowments that incorporate desserts, garments and jewellery The bride’s dad gives the husband to be a gold ring, a Kada (Gents Bangle) and gold mohre (coins). Later, these coins are hung into a dark string and given to the to be bride. She wears it around her neck and it is much the same as the mangalsutra worn by Hindu ladies. Be that as it may, amongst Sikhs, the bride wears this string just amid uncommon events. Chuda (wedding bangles) are a more critical image of marriage for Sikhs than whatever else.
Bihari Bride – In Bihar, the bride wear Taagpaag which is a dark beaded chain with gold pendant similar to the mangalsutras. Aside from this, the toe ring shapes an imperative image of the marriage for Biharis.
Marwari – The Marwaris don’t have a convention of mangalsutra, yet after some time have acknowledged that into their traditions. It’s not ordered for a Marwari wedded lady to wear them. The vital jewellery which is the character of a recently married Marwari lady is the Chuda (wedding bangles).
Oriya – There is no custom of mangalsutra among Oriya ladies.
Kashmiri – Kashmiri Pandits have “dejhor” which can be considered in close likeness to the mangalsutras of the Hindus. These are the richly formed brilliant decoration, all most the extent of an almond, suspended through both the ears either by a brilliant tie or hued string up to mid-section from the day of the marriage. The “dejhoor” is suspended through the ears to hit with the ladies’ mid-section for wishing the long existence of her significant other. It is considered dreadful if the bride somehow lost her mangalsutra. Therefore, it is expected from them to protect it because it is symbol of true love and longevity according to their tradition.
Sindhi – For Sindhis, Mangalsutra is still an essential part of the marriage. For the most part made of gold, they are worn with dark and gold beaded chains. The mangalsutra is by and large from the lucky man’s side.